Simultaneous information and energy transfer (SIET) is attracting much attention as an effective method to provide green energy supply for mobiles. However, low power level of harvested energy from RF spectrum limits application of this technique. Thanks to improvement of sensitivity and efficiency of RF energy harvesting circuit as well as dense deployment of small cell base stations, SIET becomes more practical. In this paper, we propose a unified receiver model for SIET in LTE-A small cell base station networks, formulate a feasibility problem with Poisson point process model and analyze the feasibility for a special and practical scenario. The results show that it is feasible for mobiles to charge the secondary battery with harvested energy from BSs, but it is still impractical to directly charge the primary battery or operate without any battery at all.
Due to the widespread adoption of the internet and its services, protocols have been established and new ones arise every year. Either for securing connections, ciphering information or service authentication, protocols place an important part in network communications. The TCP/IP has become one of the ubiquitous protocol suites for secure communication, and therefore, a desirable target for covert information encapsulation. In this article, we will discuss the art of unauthorized data transfer - covert techniques - for data encapsulation in protocol data packets, emphasizing headers fields manipulation.
This paper describes the creation of the tool to approach to models of dispersion of pollutants, framed under a methodology of software development, which identified the sequence to follow in the life cycle extension development, through an incremental model in which the stages of the project were identified. At each stage a series of activities that helped define inputs and outputs in each was made. According the above in the first stage the functional requirements defined and nonfunctional, then in stage two architecture and graphical interface, followed by the coding stage extension and finally the stage of performance testing and user, in order to improve or correct the functionality of the extension.
The entity registry system (ERS) is a decentralized entity registry that can be used to replace the Web as a platform for publishing linked data when the latter is not available. In developing countries, where off-line is the default mode of operation, centralized linked data solutions fail to address the needs of the communities. Although the features are mostly completed, the system is not yet ready for deployment. This project aims to provide extensive tests and scalability investigations that would make it ready for a real scenario.
Precision viticulture is a specialization of precision agriculture techniques applied to viticulture. Precision agriculture is the use of information system technologies applied to agricultural production. Some of the applicable technologies are; Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), Global Positioning Systems (GPS), spectroscopy analysis of Near-Infrared (NIR), Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These systems provide means of observation, evaluation and control of agricultural activities. The farmers demand assistant systems to perform actions for saving time and avoiding risks. There are studies of maps crops and mesh-sampling techniques to predict the harvest volume in a vineyard with a certain varieties of grapes. The prediction is based on a previous study of crops over a period of three to four years. Along these three or four years a large volume of samples is taken to study several parameters. In this application area is where the wireless sensor networks technologies would have high incidence. In this context we intend to analyse, at first place, the specific characteristics of the operational environment of a vineyard. Second, we will analyse the most appropriate architecture for a sensor network in this environment. Application of wireless sensor networks technology can take many forms depending of environment, and implementation objectives. In this paper we discuss about the best procedure for deployment and the optimal topology of a wireless sensor network for viticulture.