The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) will have a long shut down in the years of 2019 and 2020, referred to as LS2. During this stop the LHC injector complex will be upgraded to increase the luminosities, which will be the first step of the high luminosity LHC program (which will be realized during LS3 that takes place in 2024-2026). The LHCb experiment, whose main purpose is to study the CP-violation, will during this long stop be upgraded in order to withstand a higher radiation dose, and to be able to read out the detector at a rate of 40MHz,compared to 1MHz at present. This change will improve the trigger efficiency significantly. One of the LHCb sub-detectors the Trigger Tracker (TT), will be replaced by a new sub-detector called UT. This report presents the early stage design (preparation for mock-up building) of the box that will be isolating the new UT detector from the surroundings and to ensure optimal detector operation. Methods to fulfill requirements such as light and gas tightness, Faraday-cage behavior and condensation free temperatures, without breaking the fragile beryllium beam pipe, are established.
The purpose of this lab was to illustrate the validity of the law of conservation of energy along with the determination of the spring constant of a given spring. For the first part the spring constantk was to be found from a given spring. Through the suspension of various known metal masses on a vertically suspended spring, the spring constant was determined. Two methods were used: the algebraic rearrangement of Hooke's Law and a slope analysis of a linear regression on a Force (N) against Stretch Length (m) scatter plot. The spring constant k was determined to be 26.438 ± 1.063. For the second part of the lab, the aim was to validate the law of conservation of energy through the oscillation of a vertically suspended spring. Data was collected using a Vernier Motion Detector 2 machine and the various energies (kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy and spring potential energy) were collected and summed up. The sum of these energies yielded a fairly constant energy total (2.287 J ± 0.025 J) which supports the authenticity of the law of conservation of energy. While there were some uncertainties due to the lab setup, human error and equipment error it did not affect the validity of the methods during experimentation. Overall, the spring constant k of a given spring was determined and the law of conservation of energy was validated through the calculation of total energy during a suspended mass' oscillation.